This engaging, fast and exciting exercise is one of the reasons we chose to portray the Light Infantry – far from being red-coated automatons that marched in perfect lines to deliver volleys at the enemy, the British army was a maneuverable, tactically adaptable force. The five vessels, which had on board 18,000 quintals of fish and eighty tons of oil, mounted together sixty-six guns, and carried 342 men. At 10pm on the 20th September 1777, Major General Charles 'no flint' Grey's Light Infantry Battalion (drawn from 13 regiments, including the 40th) launched a surprise attack on Wayne's Division near the Paoli Tavern, Pennsylvania. [37], In January 1794 the regiment embarked for Barbados for service in the French Revolutionary Wars and took part in the capture of Martinique in March 1794[38] and the attack on Guadeloupe in April 1794: some members of the regiment became prisoners of war and were held on the island for over a year. [82] The regiment returned to India in December 1842[83] and fought at the Battle of Maharajpore in December 1843 during the Gwalior Campaign. Howe specified three different interval “orders” - that is the gap between files in a given rank. [50] The regiment was part of the force assembled for the invasions of the River Plate in September 1806[51] and took part in the attack on Battle of Montevideo in February 1807[52] before returning to England in December 1807. The regiment was raised at Annapolis Royal in Nova Scotia by General Richard Philipps as the Richard Philipps's Regiment of Foot in August 1717 out of independent companies stationed in North America and the West Indies. AWM315 419/030/040 Our collection contains a wealth of material to help you research and find your connection with the wartime experiences of the brave men and women who served in … In 1772, regiments on the Irish establishment were ordered to practice the ‘discipline of the light infantry.’ Much of this drill would become common across all regiments serving in the wild and wooded Americas. In Townshend’s orders, file pairs ‘are never to be unloaded at the same time’ and is ‘by no means to discharge his firelock until the other has loaded.’ This would mean alternate fire while the partner readies for the ‘mutual defence’ of the file. Of course if they were being rushed they might need to fire before retreating... Amongst other things, Light Infantry practiced firing at marks, made their own cartridges, and had significant training in building field fortification like abatis (felled trees in front of a ditch) and creneaus (battlements) in houses and other buildings. For other items, we can supply the patterns for reputable craftspersons to use, and the same goes for items you'd like to make yourself. [5], Between 1746 and 1748 the regiment contented itself with garrison duty at Annapolis and St. John's. After arriving in Boston in 1775, the 40 th Regiment of Foot participated in the invasion of Long Island and, as part of General Howe's army, fought in the Philadelphia campaign of 1777-1778. Colonel Edward Hand of the provincial forces wrote in 1781 that at the beginning of operations British Light Infantry were "compact in their movements, regular in their marching and from habit and general instructions they appeared averse to every attempt to screen or cover themselves from danger." Prince of Wales's volunteers (South Lancashire regt.) VIII Regiment of Foot (Fort Michilimackinac Garrison) 10th Regiment of Foot. Only eighty men of Phillips' Regiment were available to meet this threat, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Paul Mascarene. Once the regiment's officers and men were paroled in September 1744, the regiment was evacuated to Boston where they provided valuable information on the defences of Louisbourg for the British siege the following year. They were responsible for outpost watch, and reconnaissance, duties that had to be performed even after the rest of the army had gone into winter quarters. His Majesty's 17th Regiment of Foot. The garrison responded with a poorly calculated sortie from the town's dilapidated fort, resulting in the death of a sergeant and private, the wounding of an officer and three privates, and the repulse of the troops. Even the commander of the garrison, Major Handfield, had to deport his wife's "sister-in-law, nephews and nieces, uncles, aunts, and cousins." This page is about what the light infantry is, and what you'll need to get — remember we have plenty of loaner kit to get started, so don't worry about getting every expensive item straight away! Regimental titles in italics indicate they were disbanded or renumbered before 1881. Bayonet to fit your musket. Price: £10Suppliers:Make it yourself! [15], Officer and Private, 40th Regiment of Foot, 1815, Officer from the Light Company, 40th Regiment of Foot, 1826, Colour Sergeant, 40th Regiment of Foot, 1881, The battle honours of the regiment were as follows:[15]. The light battalions duties were ahead of the army as scouts, or to cover the flanks on the march. (1899), 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot, 40th (the 2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot, 81st Regiment of Foot (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers), 13th (1st Somersetshire) (Prince Albert's Light Infantry), 14th (Buckinghamshire – The Prince of Wales's Own), 19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding – Princess of Wales's Own), 42nd (The Royal Highland) (The Black Watch), 45th (Nottinghamshire Sherwood Foresters), 49th (Hertfordshire - Princess Charlotte of Wales's), 51st Regiment of Foot (Cape Breton Regiment), 51st (2nd York, West Riding, The King's Own Light Infantry), 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot, 77th (East Middlesex) (Duke of Cambridge's Own), 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (The King's Light Infantry), 91st (Princess Louise's Argyllshire Highlanders), 97th (The Earl of Ulster's) Regiment of Foot, 98th (Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Foot, 103rd Regiment of Foot (Volunteer Hunters), 103rd Regiment of Foot (King's Irish Infantry), 107th (Queen's Own Royal Regiment of British Volunteers), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=40th_(the_2nd_Somersetshire)_Regiment_of_Foot&oldid=993111631, Military units and formations of Nova Scotia, Military history of the Thirteen Colonies, Military units and formations in Somerset, Military units and formations disestablished in 1881, Military units and formations established in 1717, Regiments of the British Army in the American Revolutionary War, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, One battalion (2 battalions 1799-1802, 1804-1816), 1872–1881: Gen. 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