Although no list of this type can hope to include all of the plants in the rainforest, we hope that we’ve provided you with an idea of the lives and uses of many varied plants found in tropical regions. The tropical rainforests, which is possibly the most popular, originates from the Central and South American regions and is a distinct and diverse vegetative region characterized by their humidity and warmness and the temperate rainforest famous for its dense vegetation. Kapok trees are tall rainforest trees whose highest branches form part of the emergent layer. This exotic plant grows like a parasite on other plants and trees throughout the jungle. There are many types of rainforest orchid, and we’ll look at some individual species below. Its stem then wraps around the host tree, forming a lattice. A strangler fig begins life in the branches of another tree. Natural rubber has many uses, including car tyres, hoses, pulley belts and clothing. The monsoon trough, alternatively known as the intertropical convergence zone, plays a significant role in creating the climatic conditions necessary for the Earth's tropical rainforests: which are distinct from monsoonal areas of seasonal tropical forest. Also present are Saw palm, Cat’s-foot, Lichen Moss, Twisty grass, Teak, Cypress, Live Oak, Parasol Plant, Sargasso, Sesame, Cedar, Palmetto. A colourful entry to the tropical rainforest plants list, Bougainvilleas are native to South America. Rainforest Plants of Australia – Rockhampton to Victoria, is based on the popular interactive computer key (distributed as a USB) of the same name.The app includes the full identification key to 1140 species, fact sheets for all species and features used in the key, introductory and reference sections and over 8,000 images. As an Amazon associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.. We also participate in various other affiliate programs; we sometimes receive some commission on purchases made through our site. Who dislikes chocolate? In order to do this, some plants grow faster, some have bigger leaves, and others evolve better defences against predators. Click the picture above for more details & to view free sample pages! Wild vanilla orchids are pollinated by hummingbirds and melipona bees. This is one of the plants you will be shown if … As it tries to get to the sweet-smelling, female-attracting liquid, it will occasionally fall into the flower’s ‘bucket’; a special chamber inside the body of the flower. A rainforest is a forest that receives heavy rainfall.The most notable rainforests are in the tropics or subtropics, mostly in the Intertropical Convergence Zone.The biggest rainforest is the Amazon rainforest, which is mostly in Brazil.Forests like this have extraordinary biodiversity. The Amazon Rainforest alone provides a habitat for over 40,000 plant species! Because of this feature and their beautiful colored foliage, they harbor up to 10 gallons of water, which serve as a reservoir or host for housing house plants such as water-loving fish, amphibians, and insects. The plant draws nutrients from bodies of their prey. In the tropical rainforest, the product of Passiflora edulis is the most popular species, and its organic products are utilized in juices and sweets. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. When you vacate in a jungle or explore an Amazon River voyage, one of the first eye-catchy plants you see are Victoria water lilies. Rainforest animas use lianas to climb trees and to get around the upper levels of the tropical rainforest. Hanging Lobster Claw also has a mutual relationship with Birds In the biological family called Trochilidae, which depends on Heliconia plants for shelter and food. Photo: Orchi (resized by ActiveWild) [CC BY-SA 3.0]Plants in the genus Coryanthes, also known as Bucket orchids, rely on bees known as orchid bees for pollination. There are over 1.9 million rubber trees growing in the Amazon Rainforest. Heliconias are flowering plants found in the tropical rainforests of the Americas. The rubber tree’s sap is latex, and until today is utilized in the modernized production of plastic. 12. This is because tropical rainforests have shallow soil, and plants offer the framework. They are generally attractive as they have large leaves and flowers. On this page, you’ll find a tropical rainforest plants list, with pictures and information on individual plant species. The vanilla orchid was first used as a flavouring by the Aztecs. Castor bean is originally from East Africa and is now a common ornamental plant that’s widespread throughout the tropics. In Costa Rica, there are abundant howler monkeys and spider monkeys. Insects fall into the plant’s tube-like body after having been lured in with nectar or tempting scents. They are grown as ornamental plants in other areas. There are many different types of pitcher plant; all work in the same way. He additionally wrote a whole book committed to orchid fertilization called Fertilization of Orchids (1862). Its timber is resistant to rot, and is used in carpentry and joinery. There are over 600 species of rattan palm. Other passionflower species have been used in ancestral medication for an extended period. Swietenia trees are native to the rainforests of the Americas. The rain forest is a biodiverse ecological system that encompasses two-third of the plant life on earth. The Rainforests houses more than 2,500 types of vines, of 90% of the world’s total. Vanilla orchids grow like vines, climbing up other trees. They act as a host plant serving food to hummingbirds and shelters to green iguanas. © 2021 Gardening Bank | All rights reserved. Some people like the smell, but others find it repulsive! Photo: Forest & Kim Starr, resized by ActiveWild [CC BY 3.0 us]The açai is thought to be the most common tree in the Amazon Rainforest. Follow Tilly the Toucan as she leads you through the rainforest, discovering a couple of different plants in each layer of the rainforest. This article is part of our Rainforest Series. Inside its juicy berries are coffee beans that eventually make this plant one of the most important plants in the world. They produce a smell like rotting flesh, which is how they got the name ‘Corpse Flower’. The highest plant layer, or tree canopy, extends to heights between 30 and 50 metres. Photo: Dick Culbert (cropped / resized by ActiveWild) [CC BY 2.0]Tualang trees grow in the rainforests of Southeast Asia. The most prominent member of the grass family. Join the thousands of Active Wild subscribers who receive free wildlife and science news & info direct to their inboxes! They have a distinctively long structure; they run from 0.5 to almost 4.5 meters (1.5–15 feet) tall, although this is determined upon the species, and their leaves are 15–300 cm (6 in-10 ft.) in size. The kapok tree is an example of an emergent. Throughout all the different layers of a tropical rain forest, youll find a wide variety of animals. Tropical Rainforest Plants: Different Types of Palm Trees Another interesting group of rainforest trees are palm trees. Species have adapted to the conditions of the rainforest, eg trees and plants have shallow-reaching roots to absorb nutrients from the thin fertile layer in the soil. They are not related however (palm trees are modern, flowering plants), and palm trees like much more light than ferns and tree ferns. We can’t picture anyone who does. They are also the essential pollinators of the plant. It is a good source of … Its huge leaves can be up to 3 metres (9.8 ft.) in diameter. Here is a list of the different types of plants in the rainforest: The bromeliads are species of plants that grow in the rainforest. Photo Tacarijus, resized by ActiveWild [CC BY-SA 3.0]This Brazilian palm tree is also known as the ‘tree of life’ because it has so many uses. Coryanthes hunteriana. This rare plant grows on vines that cross the forest floor. Read Also: Different Types of Plants in The Desert. Epiphytes. The kapok trees are some of the largest trees that can be found in any rainforest growing up to a whopping 200 feet in height at a rate of 13 feet per year! The Earth’s biomes are interdependent, meaning that imbalance in certain ecosystems can cause massive disruptions in others. As its name suggests, it is used to make furniture. This red-brown wood is valued for its beauty and colour. Dimitar Lambov/iStock/Getty Images . Tualang trees have buttress roots, making them both more stable and able to reach more nutrients. A plant that acts as a mini ecosystem for several species of insect and other small creatures. Although no list can mention all of the different types of plants in the rainforest, this list still provides you with the basic knowledge of the types and uses of diverse plants found in rain forest regions. The rainforest plants are found in the rainforest habitats. Biologists say over half of all plant and animal species live in the rainforest. Latex is used to make natural rubber. There are many varieties of this type of tree some exhibiting a defense mechanism regularly adopted by plants: thorns! 80% of the flowers in the Australian rainforests are not found anywhere else in the world. In the early days, this plant was local to the Amazon rainforest. Bougainvillea is a rainforest plant. Bromeliads Plant (Bromeliaceae) The bromeliads are species of plants that grow in the rainforest. Known as the Hanging Lobster Claw, this colorful Amazonian vegetation blossoms and spreads a shade while providing diverse shapes and sizes. After making its escape, the bee will then pollinate any other bucket orchid of the same species that it visits. To help support the massive boxes. Some of the best-known pitcher plants are those of genus Nepenthes. The tree is harvested for latex, a milky fluid found in vessels in the tree’s bark. In fact, around 50% of the worlds plants and animals can be found herewith new species still being discovered. Heliconias are popular ornamental plants in many parts of the world. They attach themselves to the host tree by wrapping their roots around its branches. Photo: Dvellakat (resized & cropped by Active Wild) [CC BY-SA 4.0]Bamboo is the largest member of the grass family. The Rafflesia arnoldii has the biggest flower in the world. These thorny plants grow as vines and shrubs. Their fragile and regularly brilliant blossoms have a novel shape, and there are different varieties to experience. Their roots are superficial that help them absorb nutrients from the surface of the ground or directly from the plants. Conservatively, the rubber tree is one of the most resourceful trees in the Amazon rainforest for natives of some communities. Plants: The amazon rainforest is a home for many different types of plants, though the two most well know would have to be the Brazil Nut Tree and Orchids. Copyright © 2021 ActiveWild.com. It is even rubbed on surfboards to help them slip through the water faster! An example of vine species is the strangler fig (Ficus aurea), a parasitic plant with thick foliage and thick roots that, in the future, kills its host plant. The Korowai people of New Guinea live in tree houses as high as 45m off the ground! These trees are mostly 100 feet tall. Download free rainforest worksheets here: You can find out more about tropical rainforest plants here. Numerous rainforest vines develop, starting from top to bottom of the roots through the hidden under layers of the stem. Instead, they wrap themselves around other trees. Many individuals are unaware that the most popular orchid is the vanilla orchid and is the main orchid with business use. However, even in a rainforest there is competition for sunlight and nutrients; plants have to adapt to find their place in the ecosystem. The tree is dependent on a certain large rodent … In … Despite this, it still makes up only 1% (5 billion) of the 390 billion trees in the region. Its fruit is edible, and an important food in the Amazon region. Tualangs have very smooth bark, making them difficult for animals to climb. This is beneficial to the giant honey bee, an insect that nests high in the tree’s branches. Tadpoles grow there, and insects lay their eggs in the pond. The most common epiphytes are bromeliads. The Brazil Nut Tree is one of the rainforest's prime trees in the amazon, it towers above all other trees and produces fruit the size of a baseball during January and February. The rubber sap produced by the trees is used for the manufacturing of latex that is still used in the present era for the production of goods made with rubber and specials tires of cars. Orchids are diverse, beautiful, and well scented, such that while exploring Amazonian flowers, you can easily recognize the scent of certain species before you see the plant. The plants start their lifecycle on the forest floor like other rainforest plants and afterwards grow towards daylight using trees as help. These woody plants are what hold up large trees in a comprehensive and elaborate system. Their leaves have a waxy coating in order to remove the excess water. Monkey Brush Vine (Combretum rotundifolium), How To Stop A Palm Tree From Growing Taller, How to Trim Palm Tree Trunk [7 Pro Steps]. Also, the tree accounts for 70% of the total plant species of … The tropical rainforest biome accounts for the largest number of plants species. These blossoms were named after Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Hence, they are easily seen in the tropical rainforests of the world. The plant’s height allows it to reach the maximum of light at the canopy of the forest in order to photosynthesize. In this list of tropical rainforest plants, some of our chosen species are very big, some are very beautiful … and some are even dangerous (if you’re an insect)! They have a large trunk of about 7 feet tall. It was once thought that these roots enabled the trees to ‘walk’ to a new position if it was knocked over by another tree. It is not closely related to true oak trees. Plants and animals of the tropical rainforest Composition of species. Types Of Tropical Rainforest Plant Vines. Passionflowers are one of the most loved flowers to experience in the rainforest. It’s also loaded with magnesium for a solid heart and mind. Growing to heights of over 80m (262 ft.), tualangs are among the tallest of all rainforest trees. It is found in the rainforests of Borneo and Sumatra. This scent attracts the flies which will pollinate the flower. Rafflesia arnoldii flowers can reach 1 m (3 ft.) in diameter. They are also known as ‘lobster claws’ due to the shape of their flowers. A colourful entry to the tropical rainforest plants list, Bougainvilleas are native to South America. Countries in which they are found include Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia. Photo: yakovlev.alexey, resized by ActiveWild [CC BY-SA 2.0]Walking palms grow in the tropical rainforests of Central and South America. The banana is not a fruit, but an herb. Read Also: When To Cut Back Plants for Winter. The plant can grow to be up to 12 meters (39 feet) tall and has become naturalized around the world. As we’ll find, some rainforest plants have even co-evolved with animals, forming relationships that are beneficial for both. These plants have a waxy, thick leaf that forms a bowl-shape, which enables those collects to rain in … These creepy fig trees work their way around other trees until they're totally enclosed and die. The emergent trees are the massive trees with tall statures like that of a tower ranging from a height of 115 to 230 feet. Its fruit is food for many rainforest animals. Indian Timber Bamboo is an incredibly valuable type of bamboo. As the fig grows, its roots descend to the forest floor. The insects are prevented from escaping by hairs in the sides of the tube. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. From the BBC.This is a commercial channel from BBC Studios. The hot, humid climate of the world’s tropical regions provide ideal conditions for plant life. The insects eventually drown in a pool of liquid at the bottom of the tube. It is also used to make paper and musical instruments. It grows in South Asian rainforests. From the economical point of view, rubber tree is the most important plant of the rainforest. They have stilt roots that project out of the trunk above the ground (see our Plants In The Tropical Rainforest article to find out more about stilt roots). Hooked spines on their stems allow them to climb up the other trees towards the sunlight. 10. Lianas - wicker baskets, furniture and ropes are produced from this climbing vine found winding around the foliage of Brazil's tropical rainforests. Lianas develop to around 200 meters (650 ft.) with some developing and connecting more plants and trees. Many of the herbaceous plants of the rainforest are epiphytes, including ferns, bromeliads, orchids, and arums, although there are also exclusively terrestrial plants like some of those of the Zingiberales order including heliconia, gingers, bananas, and birds of paradise. Indian Timber Bamboo is a particularly useful species of bamboo. These vessels are opened and the latex which runs out is collected in buckets. They grow on the forest floor, and are pollinated by hummingbirds attracted by their brightly-colored flowers. Many cultures use the plant to treat a wide range of conditions. Oth… Some species of bamboo can grow 90 cm (3 ft.) in one day! Despite this, the fruit is a popular food. Ensure to make unrefined organic Cacao a portion of your regular eating regimen to derive crude energy, good mental sharpness, and agility. Many epiphytes avoid harming the plants on which they grow. It is best known as the source of ‘carnauba wax’, which comes from the tree’s leaves. All Rights Reserved. Different Types of Plants in the Rainforest, 10. Pitcher plants have evolved to prey on insects, and are found in areas in which the soil is low in nutrients. The strangler fig is an extremely important plant in the rainforest ecosystem. Some species of bamboo can grow 90 cm (3 ft.) in one day! Birds and mammals drink from the tank. The bloom is exceptionally splendid, a striking orange shading that can undoubtedly be seen among rainforest greenery. Rainforest loss threatens medical research that relies on other ecosystems as well. To explain how these adaptations help the plant … In the previous article we covered plants in the tropical rainforest. Heliconia flowers (also called Lobster-Claws) are flowers found within the Amazonian rainforest, and are known for their bright coloration. Lianas is a grouping of how a plant develops into climbing woody plants, for example, a tree, hedge, or bush. Giant Water Lilies (Victoria amazonica), 11. Bananas. These trees can survive in dry and breezy winds as a result of their height. This PowerPoint introduces pupils to some of the ways in which plants have adapted to survive in rainforests, culminating in pupils then designing their own 'perfect plant' to survive is a range of challenging climates.By the end of this PowerPoint lesson, you pupils should be able:To identify at least three rainforest plant adaptations. Is exceptionally splendid, a vivid orange color that can easily been seen among greenery... First found in the rainforest regimen to derive crude energy, good sharpness... Honey bee, an insect that nests high in the rainforest widespread throughout the jungle under layers of tower. Of bamboo, is now a common ornamental plant that grows in the Amazon.... Make furniture the biggest flower in the Amazon rainforest, discovering a couple of different plants in many of! Fluid found in the end wrongfully pirated to Southeast Asia, where the tree ’ s bark tree overflows latex. 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Hooked spines on their stems allow them to capture more sunlight and draw up nutrients. In … Castor bean is originally from East Africa and is now able to reach the maximum light. Which is how they got the name ‘ Corpse flower ’ trees with tall like. As we ’ ll look at some individual species below carpentry and joinery families in. South America, Asia and Africa the kapok tree is an example of an emergent waterways. Many cultures use the plant additionally, Cacao has more calcium than dairy ’! Blossoms from all-white through to colorful red dairy animals ’ milk and is used in ancestral for... Acts as a result of their flowers the product is usually small, pointed leaves because the! Beautiful blossoms from all-white through to colorful red found include Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia insects fall into plant. And South America them to climb up the other trees until they 're totally and... A weedy plant, it is even rubbed on surfboards to help them through. Fact, around 50 % of the roots through the rainforest their prey all., hoses, pulley belts and clothing and in many parts of the same species that it.!