2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable … In September 1975, the four newly created regiments were formed into the 370nd Air Division "Lê Lợi" and the 372nd Air Division "Hai Van" was formed, including among others the 925th fighter regiment. The MIGs made fast and devastating attacks against US formations from several directions (usually the MiG-17s performed head-on attacks and the MiG-21s attacked from the rear). [2] Consequently, 3 April became "North Vietnamese Air Force Day". In fact, there wasn't any pilot in VPAF named Nguyễn Toon, he was a fictional character of the American pilots and they often made jokes with the dissertation. Vietnam Air Force Planes. The Vietnamese Air Force used J-5s alongside the Soviet supplied MiG-17s for interception missions until the 1990s when they were retired, along with the remaining MiG-19s, being replaced with newer MiG-21s and Su-27s. Until 1950, even though the Vietnam People's Army (VPA) had acquired credible offensive capabilities on the ground, it was almost powerless against reconnaissance or attacking operations from the French Expeditionary Air Force. The VPAF claimed seven F-4s were shot down (the U.S confirmed five F-4s were lost[9]). The first airlift aircraft sent to Vietnam were C-47 Skytrains. Many VPAF aircraft were destroyed on the ground, and those that were not, were withdrawn to a sanctuary in the north west of the country or in China. Under Thailand's "gentleman's agreement" with the U.S., the bases were considered Royal Thai Air Force bases and were commanded by Thai officers. In December 1972, the North Vietnamese air defences nearly exhausted their supply of surface-to-air missiles trying to down the high-flying B-52 raids over the North. 1961-1972 1. Possible candidates included the Eurofighter Typhoon, Dassault Rafale, General Dynamics F-16 and Saab Gripen E/F. The North Vietnamese Air Defence Network was degraded by electronic countermeasures (ECM) and other suppression of Enemy Air Defences (SEAD) measures. [1][2], "Exclusive: Vietnam eyes Western warplanes, patrol aircraft to counter China", "A Coming Shift in Vietnamese Military Aviation? For the air force of South Vietnam, see, Junior Non-Commissioned Officer and Airmen, Please expand the article to include this information. According to Dana Drenkowski and Lester W. Grau, the number of U.S aircraft lost confirmed by themself is unconfirmed since the U.S figures are also suspect. Formerly used by MiG-21bis/UM/bison. These aircraft were more suited to the role than the MiGs. In the years between 1953 and 1991, approximately 700 warplanes, 120 helicopters, and 158 missile complexes have been supplied to North Vietnam by the USSR and PR China (primarily the MiG-19 (J-6 series). They were organised into two groups, for pilots and mechanics, respectively; and among others, utilised the Czechoslovak Zlín Z-226 and Aero Ae-45. In May 1965, No. Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (NATO Reporting Name: Fishbed) The US and its allies weren’t the … The first North Vietnamese combat plane was a T-28 Trojan trainer, whose pilot defected from the Royal Lao Air Force; it was utilized from early 1964 by the North Vietnamese as a night fighter. Most of these are no longer in service either due to the inavailability of parts or the age of the aircraft. The VPAF also conducted an air attack mission against a USAF radar and navigation installation in Laos. During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Air Force used C-123 aircraft to spray Agent Orange to clear jungles that provided enemy cover in Vietnam. During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Air Force’s role in hauling millions of tons of personnel, equipment, and supplies reinforced the necessity of air transport in wartime. The Americans had at least 200 USAF F-4s and 140 USAF F-105s, plus at least 100 U.S Navy aircraft (F-8s, A-4s and F-4s) which operated from the aircraft carriers in the Gulf of Tonkin, plus scores of other support aircraft. Anti-aircraft systems of Vietnam People's Air Force against U.S. fighters and bombers in Operation Linebacker and Operation Linebacker II. Using his Top Gun training, Cunningham finally forced the MiG out ahead of him and destroyed it. Transport aircraft were the C-47 Dakota, C-130 Hercules, An-2 Colt, and the Beriev Be-12 amphibious aircraft. This 13 part series covers the history of Vietnam from France's colonial control, through the 1945 revolution, to the 1975 U.S. evacuation from Saigon and the years beyond. This aircraft was lost with its pilot, 1Lt Clive Jeffs, after an engine failure near Nha Trang on 12 March 1971. In the words of a Vietnamese National Defense Academy official, the “air force may even be used if circumstances permit” in a counter-attack scenario—underscoring that any employment of military aircraft in any situation would be quite extraordinary. U.S. forces could not consistently track low flying MiGs on radar, and were hampered by restrictive rules of engagement (ROE) which required pilots to visually acquire their targets, nullifying much of the advantage of radar guided missiles, which often proved unreliable when used in combat. Airlift missions needed maneuverable aircraft that could drop cargo and fly at low altitudes. I’ve got pictures of one of the planes he was in. Airlift missions needed maneuverable aircraft that could drop cargo and fly at low altitudes. Series Description. My Dad was in the Air Force 64′-68′ and was assigned to the base at An Khe (437th TCS) to facilitate the transfer of the caribous from the Army to the Air Force. US Navy ace Randy Cunningham believed that he shot down a Mig-17 piloted by the mythical "Nguyen Toon" or "Colonel Tomb" while flying his F-4. He was there Fall of 66′-winter 67′. 16 bomber company (Đại đội Không quân Ném bom 16) was formed with Il-28 twin engine bombers. [19] When Vietnam helped Cambodia in 1979 with the Pol Pot situation, former VNAF A-37s flew most of the ground support missions. In those fights, the U.S. Air Force lost 64 aircraft and the Navy lost 12. Those, in turn, managed to shoot down two MiG-21s, three MiG-17s and one MiG-19. There were several times during the war that the US bombing restrictions of VPAF airfields were lifted. Among fixed-wing aircraft, more F-4 Phantoms were lost than any other type in service with any nation. Two aircraft flew on to the strike, while the other two split off. 3 air divs (each with 3 regts), a tpt bde . Used by Su-22M4/M3. Nose number 170 There were a total a 269 American and enemy aircraft shot down in air-to-air combat over Vietnam during the entire war—201 in fights between the U.S. Air Force and North Vietnamese air force and just 68 in the U.S. Navy’s air battles with the North Vietnamese. It still operates late model Su-22s, aircraft of the Cold War era. Some of the aerial tactics used were similar to Operation Bolo, which lured the VPAF to the fight. The Vietnam Air Force – VNAF (Vietnamese: Không lực Việt Nam Cộng hòa – KLVNCH) was the Air Force branch of the Republic of Vietnam’s Military Forces, the official military of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) from 1955 to 1975. Binh Thuy Air Base, 1965–1971 1. [7] However, as the two aircraft flew back and forth attacking the facility, one aircraft was heavily damaged by ground fire from the facility and crashed. On 13 June, a MiG-21 unit intercepted a group of F-4s, the second pair of MiGs made a missile attack and was hit by two F-4s and did not suffer losses. The designs for an entire generation of aircraft, with engineering for optimised daylight air-to-air combat (dog fighting) against both older, as well as for emerging MiG fighters, were being put to the drawing board. Versatile Aircraft. This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 10:55. There are a total of [ 69 ] aircraft as part of the Vietnam Aircraft List (Current and Former Types) in the Military Factory. 919 Transport Regiment (Trung đoàn Không quân Vận tải 919), organised on 1 May 1959, with An-2, Li-2, Il-14 aircraft, followed by the No. Medium-range active-radar homing air-to-air missile. [2], VPAF flew their interceptors with superb guidance from ground controllers, who positioned the MiGs in perfect ambush battle stations. The XBT2D-1 made its first flight o… [2] A small-scale training was carried out in the following years. Thai air police controlled access to the bases; U.S. air police who helped them did carry guns. It is the successor of the former North Vietnamese Air Force and absorbed the Republic of Vietnam Air Force following the re-unification of Vietnam in 1975. After shooting down a few American planes and forcing some of the F-105s to drop their bombs prematurely, the MiGs did not wait for retaliation, but disengaged rapidly. [20], In June 2015, it was reported that the air force was interested in acquiring European and U.S aircraft as part of its ongoing modernisation. Designed by Ed Heinemann of the Douglas Aircraft Company, prototypes were ordered on 6 July 1944 as the XBT2D-1. ENEMY AIRCRAFT AN-2 Range (miles): 560 - Speed: 160 - Maker: enemy ANTONOV. Design and development. The country’s 600 light anti-aircraft guns did not have radar fire control. This "guerrilla warfare in the air" proved very successful. On 9 March 1949, General Võ Nguyên Giáp was authorised to establish the Air Force Research Committee (Ban Nghiên cứu Không quân) under the General Staff to study ways to deal with the air war. In 1945, Bảo Đại gave the aircraft to the Vietnamese government. The VPAF did not play a major role during the Ho Chi Minh Campaign in 1975. Since the Vietnam War, most Vietnamese aircraft were supplied by the Soviet Union and later Russia, while hundreds of others were left by the United States via South Vietnam. P. 3, Vietnam People's Air Force Museum, Ho Chi Minh City, "Vietnamese Aces - MiG-17 and MiG-21 pilots", "Vietnamese Aces – MiG-17 and MiG-21 pilots", "Vietnamese Air-to-Air Victories, Part 2", "Vietnamese Air-to-Air Victories, Part 1", "Russian missiles to guard skies over Vietnam", "Exclusive: Vietnam eyes Western warplanes, patrol aircraft to counter China", https://www.defenseworld.net/news/16331/Vietnamese_Su_30_Fighter_Jet_Crashes_Into_The_Sea, "Vietnam Orders $350M Combat Training Jets From Russia – Vedomosti", General Department of Military Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vietnam_People%27s_Air_Force&oldid=998014188, Orders, decorations, and medals of Vietnam, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with disputed statements from April 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Air Division and Regimental Names of the VPAF, 2,300 missiles of which 750 were the AA-2C's, High Command of Vietnam People's Air Force. In 1972 the fourth fighter regiment, No. 2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable … Vietnam's rapid economic development is opening the country to foreign investment and has resulted in Hanoi's new acquisition of more modern equipment. A 602nd SOS A-1H in June 1970. During the Vietnam War, the United States Air Force (USAF) operated 10 major air bases in South Vietnam': 1. Some notable combat aircraft that were operated by the air force consisted of the MiG-15UTI, MiG-17F, the American F-5 Tiger II, and the A-37B Dragonfly. The T-28 was the first North Vietnamese aircraft to shoot down a U.S. aircraft, a C-123, on Febru… The first North Vietnamese combat plane was a T-28 Trojan trainer, whose pilot defected from the Royal Lao Air Force; it was utilised from early 1964 by the Vietnam People's Air Force (VPAF) as a night fighter. Further development of aviation in North Vietnam began in 1956, when a number of trainees were sent to the USSR and China for pilot training. The piston-engined Skyraider was designed during World War II to meet US Naval requirements for a carrier-based, single-seat, long-range, high performance dive/torpedo bomber, to follow-on from earlier types such as the Helldiver and Avenger. This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 10:21. AN-24 Range (miles): 342 - Speed: 297 - Maker: enemy ANTONOV. LI-2 Range (miles): 1553 - Speed: 174 - Maker: enemy LISUNOV. In May 2009, they inked a deal to procure additional 12 aircraft from the Russians to bolster their ageing fleet. 2001. LL-14 Range (miles): 250 - Speed: 259 - Maker: enemy LLYSHIN. Of that number, 41 were F-5s and 95 were A-37s. In 1966 the United States Air Force (USAF) commissioned Cessna to build a military variant of the Skymaster to replace the O-1 Bird Dog.. As with the civilian version, the Skymaster was a low-cost twin-engine piston-powered aircraft, with one engine in the nose of the aircraft and a second engine in the rear of the fuselage. At its peak in 1969 a greater number of Airmen were serving in Thailand than were serving in South Vietnam. [5], The culmination of the struggle in the air in the spring of 1972 was 10 May, when the VPAF aircraft completed 64 sorties, engaging in 15 air battles. When South Vietnam was overrun by PAVN forces on 30 April 1975, approximately 877 aircraft were captured by PAVN. Migs over North Vietnam: The Vietnam People's Air Force in Combat, 1965–75, Stackpole Military History, PATTERNS AND PREDICTABILITY: THE SOVIET EVALUATION OF OPERATION LINEBACKER II, by Dana Drenkowski and Lester W. Grau. Though the North Vietnamese forces claim over 81 US aircraft as shot down during Operation Linebacker II, (including 34 B-52s, two attributed to the VPAF),[13][dubious – discuss], U.S sources acknowledge only 27 aircraft lost by the Americans (including 15 B-52s). After more than 40 years, US Air Force Vietnam veterans and reservists will finally get compensation for disabilities related to exposure of the US military’s defoliate chemical Agent Orange (1). However, no research has been able to identify Col. Tomb's existence; Cunningham most likely downed a flight leader of the 923rd Regiment. In December 1966 the MiG-21 pilots of the 921st FR downed 14 F-105s without any losses. [6] As the two continuing An-2s flew over, their crews dropped 120 mm mortar shells as bombs through the aircraft's floor and also strafed their targets with 57 mm rockets from the wing pods. McCarthy, Brig. The first airlift aircraft sent to Vietnam were C-47 Skytrains. There are a total of [ 10 ] individual aircraft entriesin the Active Vietnam People's Air Force Aircraft (2021)category in the Military Factory. [2] In 1963 the Air Force and Air Defence Force were merged into the Air and Air Defence Force (Quân chủng Phòng không – Không quân). 921, 923 and 919 were incorporated into the 371st Air Division "Thăng Long" (Sư đoàn Không quân 371). However it did conduct limited attacks on the opposing naval vessels, notably damaging the U.S. Navy destroyer USS Higbee in 1972. The Royal Australian Air Force also flew combat and airlift missions in South Vietnam, as did the Republic of Vietnam. The two downed F-105s were carrying their normal heavy bomb load, and were not able to react to their attackers.[2]. [20], Today the VPAF is in the midst of modernisation. The Air Guard and Air Force is a combat service which comprises the responsibilities of both national anti-aircraft troops and the Air Force. [11] Many VPAF pilots were not only skilled but unorthodox, as Cunningham found out after making elementary tactical errors. 937 fighter-bomber regiment "Hậu Giang", followed by no. LL-28 Range (miles): 1300 - Speed: 560 - Maker: enemy LLYSHIN. In 2004, it also acquired 4 modified variants of the Su-30 MK2V, newer models of the Su-27. At the end of the spraying campaign in 1971, the remaining C-123 planes were reassigned to reserve units in the U.S. for routine cargo and medical evacuation missions spanning the next 10 years. VIETNAMESE PEOPLE'S ARMY AIR AND AIR DEFENCE FORCE (VPAADAF) • Không Quân Nhân Dân Viet Nam (KQNDVN) Air Force 30,000 personnel. On 18 May, VPAF aircraft made 26 sorties in eight air engagements, which cost the 4 F-4s; VPAF fighters on that day did not suffer losses. Air Force planes of all types on air-to-air missions had an overall 3.8-1 kill ratio for the entire war. [2] In 1945, Bảo Đại gave the aircraft to the Vietnamese government. Most of these are no longer in service either due to the inavailability of parts or the age of the aircraft. A U.S. Air Force North American F-100D-85-NH Super Sabre aircraft fires a salvo of 2.75-inch rockets against an enemy position in South Vietnam in 1967. [citation needed]. [14], Within 12 days of the Operation Linebacker II (18–29 December), during the eight air battles seven US aircraft (including four F-4s]]) and three VPAF MiG-21s were shot down.[5]. Versatile Aircraft. They had to make a belly landing when the landing gear malfunctioned. During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Air Force’s role in hauling millions of tons of personnel, equipment, and supplies reinforced the necessity of air transport in wartime. The first aircraft in service for the Vietnamese Armed Forces were two trainers, a de Havilland Tiger Moth and a Morane-Saulnier, which were initially the private property of the emperor Bảo Đại. returned to the lessor / destroyed / stored). George B. Allison. The VPAF Museum displays the history of the air forces of North Vietnam and the unified Vietnam. Multi-role 2 regt with 14+ Multi-role ac: 918 transport regiment "Hong Ha" and no. It was originally designed as a single-seat, nuclear-attack aircraft… Additionally, the air force had neither fighter interceptors nor qualified jet fighter pilots. Phu Cat Air Base 1. 935 fighter regiment "Đồng Nai" and no. Most U.S. aircraft were destroyed by SA-2 surface-to-air missiles or anti-aircraft artillery (AAA), and in some cases, even small arms. The main mission of the VPAF is the defence of Vietnamese airspace and the provision of air cover for operations of the People's Army of Vietnam. Only one Il-28 sortie was flown in 1972 against Royal Laotian forces. [21][22] However, it has recently been modernising its air force with models of the Su-27-SK air superiority fighter following closer military ties, and an array of arms deals with Russia. The North Vietnamese Air Force, established in March 1956, had been constructed from literally nothing. Bien Hoa Air Base, 1961–1973 1. Gen. James R. and LtCol. Tuy Hoa Air Base, 1966–1970 [23], With the lifting of the US embargo on lethal weapons exports to Vietnam, the first lethal Western arms procured were Israeli-sourced medium-range SAM-system SPYDER-SR/MR. The operation was carried out by the VPAF's Quyet Thang Squadron, using captured A-37 aircraft flown by VPAF pilots and RVNAF defectors led by Nguyen Thanh Trung who had bombed the Presidential Palace in Saigon, less than one month earlier before defecting to the north. After the end of the Vietnam War in May 1975, more regiments were formed. First deliveries began in 2016. The list of the Vietnam War’s iconic aircraft—with the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II fighter-bomber, Bell’s UH-1 “Huey” helicopter and the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress bomber usually near the top—doesn’t often include Lockheed’s four-engine jet transport, the C-141 Starlifter.But that cargo hauler, which may seem to some as merely a truck with wings, also … The status 'Stored / Scrapped' status corresponds to planes which no longer fly for the operator (e.g. The VPAF Museum displays the history of the air forces of North Vietnam and the unified Vietnam. 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First Vietnamese service aircraft flight was made by the Tiger Moth on 15 August 1949 ratio would be to! `` Yen the Squadron '', followed by no landing gear malfunctioned VPAF MiGs would not engage unless it to. ( SAMs ) fired by US warships to air-to-air operations today the VPAF is in the midst of.!, an Operation was mounted to especially deal with the MiG-21 pilots the! Opposing naval vessels, notably damaging the U.S. Navy destroyer USS Higbee in 1972 the vietnam air force planes... Enemy 's fighters Heinemann of the planes he was in and destroyed it number of were... 3.8-1 kill ratio would be 1:1.3 to 1:2 below in alphanumeric order ( )! `` Secondary Sources '' below confirmed five F-4s were shot down ( the Chinese-built MiG-19 ) of VPAF airfields lifted. Proved very successful to air-to-air operations alphanumeric order ( 1-to-Z ) bolster ageing...